Dogs are one of the most popular pets around the world. They’re not known as man’s best friend for no reason. Some dog owners give their four-legged friends treats from their table, not realising that some foods aren’t safe for dogs. If you’re not sure, then here’s 17 foods that are toxic for dogs and you should avoid feeding these to them.
And a note for anyone who doesn’t have a dog, do ask the owner before you give their pet food as you don’t know if they have a particular issue or diet they’re eating. Of course, that’s applicable for any animals not just dogs.
Foods that are toxic for dogs
Avocado contains Persin in its leaves, fruit and seed. Persin can cause dog to have vomiting and diarrhoea.
Alcohol even in small doses can be dangerous to dogs. As well as them getting intoxicated (similar to humans), in them it can lead to sickness, diarrhoea, coordination issues, difficulty breathing and even central nervous system damage. The smaller the dog, the smaller the amount of alcohol that can cause damage. Similarly raw yeast dough can also be an issue as the yeast ferments in the stomach and grows in size.
Caffeine from any type of drink can cause poisoning in dogs. Symptoms include include restlessness, rapid breathing, heart palpitations, and muscle tremors, not unlike in humans who have too much.
4. Cat food
Cat food – cat food is made with higher fat and protein content than is good for dogs. It can cause an upset stomach, obesity, and pancreatitis
Chocolate contains theobromine which is a stimulant, with dark chocolate having the highest content. It can cause kidney failure and seizures in dogs.
6. Cooked bones
Cooked bones can splinter when dogs bite on them. In large amounts, they can cause constipation and worse, a perforated gut. Raw bones are fine.
7. Corn on the cob
Corn on the cob itself can be digested by dogs, but it can cause a blockage in the intestine which is damaging.
8. Dairy products
Dairy products – while some dogs can cope with them, many don’t have the ability to break down the lactose leading to lactose intolerance. This can lead to gas problems, bloating, abdominal pain and diarrhoea.
9. Fat trimmings
Fat trimmings both raw and cooked, can be dangerous for dogs and cause pancreatitis.
10. Grapes and raisins
Grapes and raisins have an as yet unknown toxin in, which can cause liver damage and kidney failure in dogs.
11. Macadamia nuts
Macadamia nuts have a toxin that can affect muscles and nervous system in dogs, leading to potential weakness, swollen limbs, fever, vomiting and panting.
Mushrooms – different types of mushrooms have different levels and types of toxins. These can cause seizures and shock.
13. Onions, garlic and chives
Onions, garlic and chives are all part of the onion family which is toxic to dogs and can cause gastrointestinal irritation and damage to red blood cells potentially leading to anaemia. Whether raw, powdered or cooked, avoid giving to dogs. Symptoms of anaemia can include lethargy, pale gums and disinterest in food
Rhubarb contains oxalates, which can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, lethargy and weakness tremors, and bloody urine.
Salt can cause salt poisoning or water deprivation in dogs, so avoid giving salty snacks. It cause neurological disorders, vomiting, diarrhoea, depression, tremors, seizures and fever/
16. Fruit stones and pits
Stones or pits from plums and peaches, apples, and cherries – these (and pips from other fruits) can contain cyanide, so avoid the pits/stones before handing over a fruit snack.
Xylitol is a sweetener used in lots of sugar free human food and things like toothpaste. If dogs take in any xylitol, they can get hypoglycaemia which is linked to liver failure and blood clotting disorders in dogs. Symptoms include repeated vomiting, lethargy, and loss of coordination that can evolve into seizures.
If a dog you know has been eating any toxic foods, keep an eye on them and speak to the vet.
If you have dogs, what’s their favourite treat food?
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